About Pinellas Kids

Children Living With Relatives (Kinship Care)

Children live with relatives other than their birth parents for a number of reasons including abandonment, death, incarceration, substance abuse, mental illness, financial problems or an abusive or neglectful home environment. Many of the circumstances that lead to such a living arrangement can have a lasting emotional and psychological impact on a child.

  • According to the Census Bureau’s 2004 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the latest available survey:
    • The percentage of children under 18 in the United States living with two parents declined from over 85% in 1970 to just under 70% in 2004. The percentage of children living with at least one parent declined one percentage point to 96%.
    • 2.9 million children did not live with a parent. Approximately 56% lived with a grandparent and 22% lived with another relative. 11% lived with a foster parent.
  • According to the Census Bureau’s 2005-2007 American Community Survey:
    • 48 % of Pinellas County grandparents who lived with their own grandchildren under the age of 18 were also responsible for their care.
    • Approximately 4,800 households (6,645 grandparents), 2.0% of all family households in Pinellas County, had a grandparent living with and responsible for the care of a grandchild under the age of 18.
    • Definition: Family Household: A family household includes a householder and one or more people living in the same household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage or adoption.
    • Of those grandparents living with and responsible for the care of their grandchildren:
      • 60% were responsible for their grandchildren’s care for 3 years or more and 32% for 5 years or more
      • 69% were under the age of 60
      • 65% were female
      • 65% were married (includes separated and spouse absent)
      • 61% were working
      • 81% were at or above the poverty level
  • Approximately 57% of grandchildren who were living with and under the responsibility of a grandparent also had a parent present in the household.

Grandchildren Living with Grandparents by Presence of Parent

Funded Agencies:

Read More About It:

New Help for Children Raised by Grandparents and Other Relatives: Questions and Answers About the Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008: http://www.aecf.org/KnowledgeCenter/Publications.aspx?pubguid={6AD31D00-CEE7-43E9-AE9C-D953DF424E54}